Nano and Pico Characterization Laboratory

An unprecedented collection of instrumentation for surface analysis at the nanoscale and beyond.

Nano and Pico Characterization Laboratory

Publications by NPC Team

2018   2017   2016   2015   2014   2013   2012   2011   2010   2009   2008   2007

Users of the NPC Laboratory are requested to acknowledge their use of the Technology Centers at CNSI in their scholarly publications. All publications listed here included data acquired in the NPC Lab and have provided such acknowledgment of our services.


S. Yang, Y. Liu, M. Wu, L.-D. Zhao, Z. Lin, H.-C. Cheng, Y. Wang, C. Jiang, S.-H. Wei, L. Huang, Y. Huang, and X. Duan. “Highly-anisotropic optical and electrical properties in layered SnSeNano Research 2018, 11(1): 554–564. doi: 10.1007/s12274-017-1712-2

Z. Xiao, K.-P. Mohanchandra, R. L. Conte, C. T. Karaba, J. D. Schneider, A. Chavez, S. Tiwari, H. Sohn, M. E. Nowakowski, A. Scholl, S. H. Tolbert, J. Bokor, G. P. Carman, and R. N. Candler. “Enhanced magnetoelectric coupling in a composite multiferroic system via interposing a thin film polymer” AIP Advances 8, 055907 (2018); doi: 10.1063/1.5007655


S. Ansari, P. Sarrion, M. M. Hasani-Sadrabadi, T. Aghaloo, B. M. Wu and A. Moshaverinia. “Regulation of the fate of dental-derived mesenchymal stem cells using engineered alginate-GelMA hydrogels” J Biomed Mater Res Part A 2017:105A:2957–2967. DOI: 10.1002/jbm.a.36148

D. S. Ashby. R. H.DeBlock, C.-H. Lai, C. S.Choi, and B. S.Dunn. “Patternable, Solution-Processed Ionogels for Thin-Film Lithium-Ion Electrolytes” Joule 1, 344–358. October 11, 2017 a 2017 Elsevier Inc.

H. H. Cao, N. Nakatsuka, Wei-Ssu Liao, A. C. Serino, S. Cheunkar, H. Yang, P. S. Weiss and A. M. Andrews. “Advancing Biocapture Substrates via Chemical Lift-Off Lithography” Chem. Mater. 2017, 29, 6829?6839. DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b01970

S.-Y. Chang, Y.-C. Lin, P. Sun, Y.-T. Hsieh, L. Meng, S.-H. Bae, Y.-W. Su, W. Huang, C. Zhu, G. Li, K.-H. Wei and Y. Yang. “High-Efficiency Organic Tandem Solar Cells With Effective Transition Metal Chelates Interconnecting Layer” Sol. RRL 2017, 1, 1700139. DOI: 10.1002/solr.201700139

J. K.-C. Chen, T. Kim, N. D. Altieri, E. Chen, and J. P. Chang. “Ion beam assisted organic chemical vapor etch of magnetic thin films” Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces, and Films 35, 031304 (2017); doi:10.1116/1.4978553

S.-Y. Chou, R. Ma, Y. Li, F. Zhao, K. Tong, Z. Yu, and Q. Pei. “Transparent Perovskite Light-Emitting Touch- Responsive Device” ACS Nano 2017, 11, 11368?11375. DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.7b05935

M. C. Debnath, B. Liang, R. B. Laghumavarapu, G. Wang, A. Das, B.-C. Juang, and D. L. Huffaker. “Optical properties of bimodally distributed InAs quantum dots grown on digital AlAs0.56Sb0.44 matrix for use in intermediate band solar cells” Journal of Applied Physics 121, 214304 (2017); doi: 10.1063/1.4984832

J. Li, X. Guan, C. Wang, H.-C. Cheng, R. Ai, K. Yao, P. Chen, Z. Zhang, X. Duan, and X. Duan. “Synthesis of 2D Layered BiI3 Nanoplates, BiI3/WSe2 van der Waals Heterostructures and Their Electronic, Optoelectronic Properties” Small 2017, 13, 1701034.

Z. Lin, C. Hollar, J. S. Kang, A. Yin, Y. Wang, H.-Y. Shiu, Y. Huang, Y. Hu, Y. Zhang, and X. Duan. “A Solution Processable High-Performance Thermoelectric Copper Selenide Thin Film” Adv. Mater. 2017, 29, 1606662.

J. Liu, D. Chen, X. Luan, K. Tong, F. Zhao, C. Liu, Q. Pei, and H. Li. “Electrolyte-Gated Red, Green, and Blue Organic Light-Emitting Diodes” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2017, 9, 12647?12653. DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b00463

Y. Liu, J. Guo, Q. He, H. Wu, H.-C. Cheng, M. Ding, I. Shakir, V. Gambin, Y. Huang, and X. Duan. “Vertical Charge Transport and Negative Transconductance in Multilayer Molybdenum Disulfides” Nano Lett. 2017, 17, 5495?5501. DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b02161

C. D. Pham, J. Chang, M. A. Zurbuchen, and J. P. Chang. “Magnetic Properties of CoFe2O4 Thin Films Synthesized by Radical-Enhanced Atomic Layer Deposition” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2017, 9, 36980?36988. DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b08097

L. S. Slaughter, K. M. Cheung, S. Kaappa, H. H. Cao, Q. Yang, T. D. Young, A. C. Serino, S. Malola, J. M. Olson, S. Link, H. Häkkinen, A. M. Andrews and P. S. Weiss. “Patterning of supported gold monolayers via chemical lift-off lithography” Beilstein J. Nanotechnol. 2017, 8, 2648–2661. doi:10.3762/bjnano.8.265

H. Sohn, C.-Y. Liang, M. E. Nowakowski, Y. Hwang, S. Han, J. Bokor, G. P. Carman, and R. N. Candler. “Deterministic multi-step rotation of magnetic single-domain state in Nickel nanodisks using multiferroic magnetoelastic coupling” Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 439 (2017) 196–202

N. Subbiah, J. Campagna, P. Spilman, M. P. Alam, S. Sharma, A. Hokugo, I. Nishimura, and V John. “Deformable Nanovesicles Synthesized through an Adaptable Micro=uidic Platform for Enhanced Localized Transdermal Drug Delivery” Journal of Drug Delivery Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 4759839, 12 pages

J. Thompson, A. Rahardiantoa, S. Kima, M. Bilala, R. Breckenridgeb, and Y. Cohena. “Real-time direct detection of silica scaling on RO membranes” Journal of Membrane Science 528 (2017) 346–358.

K. Tong, X. Liu, F. Zhao, D. Chen, and Q. Pei. “Efficient Light Extraction of Organic Light-Emitting Diodeson a Fully Solution-Processed Flexible Substrate” Advanced Optical Materials 2017, 5, 1700307.

Y. Valenciaga, D.L. Prout, R. Taschereau, A.F. Chatziioannou. “Feasibility of Using Crystal Geometry for a DOI Scintillation Detector” IEEE Transactions on Radiation and Plasma Medical Sciences 2017, PP, 99. DOI 10.1109/TRPMS.2017.2760857

Y. Wang, X. Guan, D. Li, H.-C. Cheng, X. Duan, Z. Lin, and X. Duan. “Chemical vapor deposition growth of single-crystalline cesium lead halide microplatelets and heterostructures for optoelectronic applications” Nano Research 2017, 10(4): 1223–1233 DOI 10.1007/s12274-016-1317-1

X. Xu, Q. Yang, K. M. Cheung, C. Zhao, N. Wattanatorn, J. N. Belling, J. M. Abendroth, L. S. Slaughter, C. A. Mirkin, A. M. Andrews, and P. S. Weiss. “Polymer-Pen Chemical Lift-Off Lithography” Nano Lett., 2017, 17 (5), pp 3302–3311 DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b01236

W. Yu, S. Sharma, J. K. Gimzewski, and J. Rao. “Nanocytology as a potential biomarker for cancer” Biomark Med. 2017 Mar;11(3):213-216. doi: 10.2217/bmm-2017-0019

F. Zhao, D. Chen, S. Chang, H. Huang, K. Tong, C. Xiao, S. Chou, H. Zhong, and Q. Pei. “Highly flexible organometal halide perovskite quantum dot based light-emitting diodes on a silver nanowire–polymer composite electrode” J. Mater. Chem. C, 2017,5, 531-538. DOI: 10.1039/C6TC04934F

H. Zhu, K. S. Scharnhorst, A. Z. Stieg, J. K. Gimzewski, I. Minami, N. Nakatsuji, H. Nakano, & A. Nakano. “Two dimensional electrophysiological characterization of human pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocyte system” Scientific Reports volume 7, Article number: 43210 (2017)doi:10.1038/srep43210


A. M. Andrew, W.-S. Liao and P. S. Weiss. “Double-Sided Opportunities Using Chemical Lift-Off LithographyAccounts of Chemical Research (2016) DOI: 10.1021/acs.accounts.6b00034.

B. F. Bender, A. P. Aijian and R. L. Garrell. “Digital microfluidics for spheroid-based invasion assaysLab on a Chip 16, 2505 (2016), DOI: 10.1039/c5lc01569c.

J. Chang, C. D. Pham, and J. P. Chang. “Atomic Layer Deposition of Multiferroic MaterialsECS Transactions 75(6) 119-122 (2016), DOI: 10.1149/075.06.0119ecst.

D. Chen, J. Liang and Q. Pei. “Flexible and stretchable electrodes for next generation polymer electronics: a reviewScience China Chemistry (2016) DOI: 10.1007/s11426-015-5520-9

D. Chen, F. Zhao, K. Tong, G. Saldanha, C. Liu, and Q. Pei. “Mitigation of Electrical Failure of Silver Nanowires under Current Flow and the Application for Long Lifetime Organic Light-Emitting DiodesAdvanced Electronic Materials (2016) 2, DOI: 10.1002/aelm.201600167

J.B. Cook, H.S Kim, Y. Yan, J.S. Ko, S. Robbennolt, B. Dunn, and  S.H. Tolbert. “Mesoporous MoS2 as a Transition Metal Dichalcogenide Exhibiting Pseudocapacitive Li and Na?Ion Charge Storage.Advanced Energy Materials (2016) DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201501937.

N. De Marco, H. Zhou, Q. Chen, P. Sun, Z. Liu, L. Meng, E.-P. Yao, Y. Liu, A. Schiffer and Y. Yang. “Guanidinium: a route to enhanced carrier lifetime and open-circuit voltage in hybrid perovskite solar cells.” Nano letters (2016) DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b04060.

M. C. Debnath, T. D. Mishima, M. B. Santos, Y. Cheng, V. R. Whiteside, I. R. Sellers, K. Hossain, R. B.

H. Gao, S. Chen, J. Liang, and Q. Pei. “Elastomeric Light Emitting Polymer Enhanced by Interpenetrating Networks” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2016 8 (47), 32504-32511DOI: 10.1021/acsami.6b10447

H.-S. Kim, J. B. Cook, H. Lin, J. S. Ko, S. H. Tolbert, V. Ozolins and B. Dunn. “Oxygen vacancies enhance pseudocapacitive charge storage properties of MoO3?x” Nature Materials volume 16, pages 454–460 (2017)doi:10.1038/nmat4810

J. S. Ko, V. V. T. Doan-Nguyen, H.-S. Kim, G. A. Muller, A. C. Serino, P. S. Weiss and B. Dunn. “Na2Ti3O7 Nanoplatelets and Nanosheets Derived from a Modified Exfoliation Process for Use as a High-Capacity Sodium-Ion Negative Electrode” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2017, 9 (2), pp 1416–1425. DOI: 10.1021/acsami.6b10790DOI: 10.1021/acsami.6b10790. Publication Date (Web): December 20, 2016

Laghumavarapu, B. L. Liang, and D. L. Huffaker. “High-density InAs/GaAs1?xSbx quantum-dot structures grown by molecular beam epitaxy for use in intermediate band solar cells” Journal of Applied Physics (2016) 119, 114301, DOI: 10.1063/1.4943631.

Y. Liu, Z. Hong, Q. Chen, H. Chen, W.-H. Chang, Y. (Michael) Yang, T.-B. Song and Yang Yang. “Perovskite Solar Cells Employing Dopant-Free Organic Hole Transport Materials with Tunable Energy LevelsAdvanced Materials 28(3), 440-446 (2016) DOI: 10.1002/adma.201504293.

Z. Liu, Q. Chen, Z. Hong, H. Zhou, X. Xu, N. De Marco, P. Sun, Z. Zhao, Y.-B. Cheng, and Y. Yang. “Low-Temperature TiOx Compact Layer for Planar Heterojunction Perovskite Solar Cells” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces (2016) 8 (17), 11076-11083, DOI: 10.1021/acsami.5b12123

W. Luo, Y. Zhang, A. Feizi, Z. Göröcs and A. Ozcan. “Pixel super-resolution using wavelength scanningLight: Science & Applications (2016) 5, e16060; doi:10.1038/lsa.2016.60.

W. Luo, Z. Göröcs, Y. Zhang, A. Feizi, A. Greenbaum, A. Ozcan. “Wavelength scanning achieves pixel super-resolution in holographic on-chip microscopy” Proc. SPIE 9699, Optics and Biophotonics in Low-Resource Settings II, 96990A (March 11, 2016); DOI:10.1117/12.2211813.

A. Mikheikin, A. Olsen, L. Picco, O. Payton, B. Mishra, J.K. Gimzewski and J. Reed. “High-speed AFM reveals contamination in DNA purification systemsAnalytical Chemistry (2016) 88(5), 2527–2532, DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.5b04023

A. V. Nguyen, K. D. Nyberg, M. B. Scott, A. M. Welsh, A. H. Nguyen, N. Wu, S. V. Hohlbauch, N. A. Geisse, E. A. Gibb, A. G. Robertson, T. R. Donahue and A. C. Rowat. “Stiffness of pancreatic cancer cells is associatedwith increased invasive potential” Integr. Biol., 2016,8, 1232. DOI: 10.1039/c6ib00135a

S. C. P. Norris, P. Tseng, and A. M. Kasko. “Direct Gradient Photolithography of Photodegradable Hydrogels with Patterned Stiffness Control with Submicrometer Resolution” ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering (2016) 2 (8), 1309-1318, DOI: 10.1021/acsbiomaterials.6b00237

C. J. Reyner, A. M. Kiefer, G. Ariyawansa, J. M. Duran and J. E. Scheihing. “Temperature-Dependent X-ray Diffraction Measurements of Infrared Superlattices Grown by MBE” Crystals 2016, 6(11), 150; doi:10.3390/cryst6110150

Y. S. Rim, K.-C. Ok, Y. M. Yang, H. Chen, S.-H. Bae, C. Wang, Y. Huang, J.-S. Park and Y. Yang. “Boosting Responsivity of Organic?Metal Oxynitride Hybrid Heterointerface PhototransistorACS Applied Materials and Interfaces (2016) 8 (23) 14665–14670, DOI: 10.1021/acsami.6b02814.

L. E. Ruff, A. A. Sapre, J. S. Plaut, E. De Maere, C. Mortier, V. Nguyen, K. Separa, S. Vandenbogaerde, L. Vandewalle, S. C. Esener, B. T. Messmer; “Selection of DNA nanoparticles with preferential binding to aggregated protein target.” Nucl Acids Res (2016) 44 (10): e96 , DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkw136

S. Sharma and J.K Gimzewski. “Application of AFM to Nanomechanics of Cancer” MRS Advances, (2016) DOI: 10.1557/adv.2016.255.

J. Tang, G. Yu, C.-Y. Wang, L.-T. Chang, W. Jiang, C. He and K.L. Wang. “Versatile Fabrication of Self-Aligned Nanoscale Hall Devices Using Nanowire Masks” NanoLetters (2016) DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b00398.

J. Woo, S. Sharma, and J. Gimzewski. “The Role of Isolation Methods on a Nanoscale Surface Structure and Its Effect on the Size of ExosomesJournal of Circulating Biomarkers (2016) 5 (11),  DOI: 10.5772/64148

D. Yugay, D. P. Goronzy, L. M. Kawakami, S. A. Claridge, T.-B. Song, Z. Yan, Y.-H. Xie, J. Gilles, Y. Yang, and P. S. Weiss. “Copper Ion Binding Site in ??Amyloid Peptide” Nano Letters (2016) 16 (10), 6282-6289, DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b02590


B.E. Bender and R.L. Garrell. “Digital Microfluidic System with Vertical Functionality” Micromachines 6, 1655–1674 (2015) DOI:10.3390/mi6111448.

R.A. Blaik, E. Lan, Y. Huang and B. Dunn. “Gold-Coated M13 Bacteriophage as a Template for Glucose Oxidase Biofuel Cells with Direct Electron Transfer” ACS Nano (2015) DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.5b04580.

C.-C. Chen, A.-H. Bae, W.-H. Chang, Z. Hong, G. Li, Q. Chen, H. Zhou and Y. Yang. “Perovskite/polymer monolithic hybrid tandem solar cells utilizing a low-temperature, full solution process” Materials Horizons (2015) DOI: 10.1039/c4mh00237g

C.-C. Chen, Z. Hong, G. Li, Q. Chen,H. Zhou and Yang Yang. “One-step, low-temperature deposited perovskite solar cell utilizing small molecule additive” Journal of Photonics for Energy (2015), 5, 057405, DOI:10.1117/1.JPE.5.057405.

D.Chen, J. Liang, C. Liu, G. Saldanha, F. Zhao, K. Tong, J. Liu and Q. Pei. “Thermally Stable Silver Nanowire–Polyimide Transparent Electrode Based on Atomic Layer Deposition of Zinc Oxide on Silver Nanowires” Adv. Funct. Mater. (2015) DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201503236.

Q. Chen, H. Zhou, Y. Fang, A.Z. Stieg, T.-B. Song, H.-H. Wang, X. Xu,  Y. Liu, S. Lu, P. Sun, J. You and Y. Yang. “The optoelectronic role of chlorine in CH3NH3PbI3-xClx based perovskite solar cells” Nature Communications 6, 7269 (2015) DOI:10.1038/ncomms8269.

L. Chen, B. Liu, M. Ge, Y. Ma, A.N. Abbas and C. Zhou. “Step-Edge-Guided Nucleation and Growth of Aligned WSe2 on Sapphire via a Layer-over-Layer Growth Mode” ACS Nano 9(8), 8368-8375 (2015) DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.5b03043.

H.-C. Cheng, G. Wang, D. Li, Q. He, A. Yin, Y. Liu, H. Wu, M. Ding, Y. Huang and X. Duan. “van der Waals Heterojunction Devices Based on Organohalide Perovskites and Two-Dimensional Materials” Nano Letters (2015) DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b03944.

J. Cui, C.-Y. Liang, E.A. Paisley, A. Sepulved, J.F. Ihlefeld, G.P. Carman and C.S. Lynch. “Generation of Localized Strain in a Thin Film Piezoelectric to Control Individual Magnetoelectric Heterostructures” Applied Physics Letters 107, 092902 (2015) DOI:10.1063/1.4930071.

C. Jiang, Y.-T. Hsieh, H. Zhao, H. Zhou and Y. Yang. “Controlling Solid−Gas Reactions at Nanoscale for Enhanced Thin Film Morphologies and Device Performances in Solution-Processed Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)4 Solar Cells” Journal of the American Chemical Society 137, 11069−11075 (2015) DOI: 10.1021/jacs.5b05819.

S.J. Jonas, A.Z. Stieg, W. Richardson, B.Valamehr, E. Gschweng, S. Guo, J. Wohlschlegel, O. Witte, H. Wu and B. Dunn. “Cell culture media interactions with hydrophobic materials influence the suspension culture of embryoid bodies derived from embryonic stem cells”  Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (2015), 6, 388-393 DOI:10.1021/jz502520r.

B.-C. Juang, R.B. Laghumavarapu, B.J. Foggo, P.J. Simmonds, A. Lin, B. Liang and D.L. Huffaker. “GaSb thermophotovoltaic cells grown on GaAs by molecular beam epitaxy using interfacial misfit arrays” Applied Physics Letters (2015), 106, 11101, DOI:10.1063/1.4915258

J. Kim, Y.S. Rim, H. Chen, H.H. Cao, N. Nakatsuka, H.L. Hilton, C. Zhao, A.M. Andrews, Y. Yang and P.S. Weiss. “Fabrication of High-Performance Ultrathin In2O3 Film Field-Effect Transistors and Biosensors Using Chemical Lift-Off Lithography” ACS Nano (2015), 9(4), 4572-4582, DOI:10.1021/acsnano.5b01211.

“U.Y. Lau, S.S. Saxer, J. Lee, E. Bat and H.D. Maynard. “”Direct Write Protein Patterns for Multiplexed
Cytokine Detection from Live Cells Using Electron Beam Lithography”” ACS Nano (2015) DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.5b05781.”

Y. Liu, Q. Chen, H.-S. Duan, H. Zhou , Y. Yang, H. Chen, S. Luo, T.-B. Song, L. Dou, Z. Hong and Y. Yang. “Dopant-Free Organic Hole Transport Material for Efficient Planar Heterojunction Perovskite Solar Cells” J. Materials Chemistry A. (2015) DOI: 10.1039/C5TA02502H.

Y. Ma, B. Liu, A. Zhang, L. Chen, M. Fathi, C. Shen, A.N. Abbas, M. Ge, M. Meklenburg and C. Zhou. “Reversible Semiconducting-to-Metallic Phase Transition in Chemical Vapor Deposition Grown Monolayer WSe2 and Applications for Devices” ACS Nano 9(7), 7383-7391 (2015) DOI:10.1021/acsnano.5b02399.

K. P. Mohanchandra, S. V. Prikhodko, K. P. Wetzlar, W. Y. Sun, P. Nordeen, and G. P. Carman. “Sputter Deposited Terfenol-D Thin Films for Multiferroic Applications” AIP Advances 5, 097119 (2015) DOI: 10.1063/1.4930602.

C.D. Pham, J. Chang, M.A. Zurbuchen and J.P. Chang. “Synthesis and Characterization of BiFeO3 Thin Films for Multiferroic Applications by Radical Enhanced Atomic Layer Deposition” Chem. Mater. 27(21), 7282–7288 (2015) DOI:10.1021/acs.chemmater.5b02162.

Y.S. Rim, S.-H. Bae, H. Chen, J.L. Yang, J.Kim, A.M. Andrews, P.S. Weiss, Y. Yang and H.-R. Tseng. “Printable Ultrathin Metal Oxide Semiconductor-Based Conformal Biosensors” ACS Nano (2015) DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.5b05325.

Y.S. Rim, Y. Yang, S.-H. Bae, H. Chen, C. Li, M.S. Goorsky and Y. Yang. “Ultrahigh and Broad Spectral Photodetectivity of an Organic–Inorganic Hybrid Phototransistor for Flexible Electronics” Adv. Mater. 27, 6885–6891 (2015) DOI: 10.1002/adma.201502996.

R.A. Que, S. Wei, P. Chan, A.M. Jabaiah, R.H. Lathrop, N.A. Da Silva and S.-W. Wang. “Tuning cellular response by modular design of bioactive domains in collagen” Biomaterials (2015) 53, 309-317, DOI:10.1016/j.biomaterials.2015.02.074.

J. Qi, Y.-W. Lan, A.Z. Stieg, J.-H. Chen, Y.-L. Zhong, L.-J. Li, C.-D. Chen, Y. Zhang and K.L. Wang. “Piezoelectric effect in CVD-grown atomic-monolayer triangular MoS2 piezotronics” Nature Communications 6, 7430 (2015) DOI:10.1038/ncomms8430.

E.J. Sandouk, J.K. Gimzewski and A.Z. Stieg. “Multistate Resistive Switching in Silver Nanoparticle Films” Science and Technology of Advanced Materials 16, 054004 (2015) DOI:10.1088/1468-6996/16/4/045004.

Y. Wang, J.A. Torres, A.Z. Stieg, S. Jiang, M.T. Yeung, Y. Rubin, S. Chaudhuri, X. Duan and R.B. Kaner. “Graphene-assisted solution growth of vertically-oriented organic semiconducting single crystals” In Press: ACS Nano (2015).

H. You, M. Lei, T.-B. Song, T.-F. Guo, Y. Yang, W.-H. Chang, Z. Hong, H. Chen, H. Zhou, Q. Chen, Y. Liu, N. De Marco and Y. Yang. “Improved air stability of perovskite solar cells via solution-processed metal oxide transport layers” Nature Nanotechnology (2015) DOI: 10.1038/NNANO.2015.230.

H. Zhou, C. Wang, J.C. Shaw, R. Cheng, Y. Chen, X. Huang, Y. Liu, N.O. Weiss, Z. Lin, Y. Huang and Z. Duan. “Large Area Growth and Electrical Properties of p-Type WSe2 Atomic Layers” Nano Letters (2015) 15(1), 709-713, DOI: 10.1021/nl504256y.

X. Zhu, T. Kawaharamura, A.Z. Stieg, C. Biswas, L. Li, Z. Ma, M. Zurbuchen, Q. Pei and K. Wang. “Atmospheric and Aqueous Deposition of Polycrystalline Metal Oxides Using Mist-CVD for Highly Efficient Inverted Polymer Solar Cells” Nano Letters (2015), DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b01157.


X. Zhu, T. Kawaharamura, A.Z. Stieg, C. Biswas, L. Li, Z. Ma, M. Zurbuchen, Q. Pei and K. Wang. “Atmospheric and Aqueous Deposition of Polycrystalline Metal Oxides Using Mist-CVD for Highly Efficient Inverted Polymer Solar Cells” Nano Letters (2015), DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b01157.

P.J. Simmonds, M. Sun, R.B. Laghumavarapu, B. Liang, A.G. Norman, J.-W. Luo and D.L. Huffaker. “Improved quantum dot stacking for intermediate band solar cells using strain compensation” Nanotechnology (2014) 25, 445402, DOI: 10.1088/0957-4484/25/44/445402.

A.Z. Stieg, A.V. Avizienis, H.O. Sillin, H-.H. Shieh, C. Martin-Olmos, R. Aguilera, E.J. Sandouk, M. Aono and J.K. Gimzewski. “Self-organization and Emergence of Dynamical Structures in Neuromorphic Atomic Switch Networks” In: Memristor Networks (2014), Eds. Adamatzky & Chua, Springer-Verlag, ISBN 978-3-319-02629-9.

J. Tang, L.-T. Chang, X. Kou, K. Murata, E.S. Choi, M. Lang, Y. Fan, Y. Jiang, M. Montazeri, W. Jiang, Y. Wang, L. He and K.L. Wang. “Electrical Detection of Spin-Polarized Surface States Conduction in (Bi0.53Sb0.47)2Te3 Topological Insulator” (2014), 14, 5423-5429, DOI: 10.1021/nl5026198.

P. Tseng and D. Di Carlo. “Substrates with Patterned Extracellular Matrix and Subcellular Stiffness Gradients Reveal Local Biomechanical Responses” Advanced Materials, 2014, 26 (8), 1242–1247.

J. Wang, Y. Mo, S. Mahendra and E.M.V. Hoek. “Effects of water chemistry on structure and performance of polyamide composite membranes” Journal of Membrane Science (2014), 452, 415-525, DOI:10.1016/j.memsci.2013.09.022

Y. Wang, R. Cheng, J. Dong, Y. Liu, H. Zhou, W.J. Yu, I. Terasaki, Y. Huang and X. Duan. “Metal–semiconductor transition in atomically thin Bi2Sr2Co2O8 nanosheets” APL Materials, (2014), 2, 092507, DOI:10.1063/1.4892975.

C. Xue, D.Y. Wong, A.M. Kasko. “Complex Dynamic Substrate Control: Dual-Tone Hydrogel Photoresists Allow Double-Dissociation of Topography and Modulus” Advanced Materials (2014), 26 (10), 1577–1583, DOI: 10.1002/adma.201304591.

L. Yoo, J. Reed, A. Shin and J.L. Demer. “Atomic Force Microscopy Determination of Young’s Modulus of Bovine Extra-ocular Tendon Fiber Bundles” Journal of Biomechanics (2014), 47 (8), 1899–1903, DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2014.02.011.

H. Zhou, Q. Chen, G. Li, S. Luo, T.-B. Song, H.-S. Duan, Z. Hong, J. You, Y. Liu and Y. Yang. “Interface engineering of highly efficient perovskite solar cells” Science (2014), 345 (6196), 542-546.

H. Zhou, C. Wang, J.C. Shaw, R. Cheng, Y. Chen, X. Huang, Y. Liu, N.O. Weiss, Z. Lin, Y. Huang and X. Duan. “Large Area Growth and Electrical Properties of p‑Type WSe2 Atomic Layers” Nano Letters (2014), DOI: 10.1021/nl504256y.


A. Arshi, S. Eaimkhong, Y. Nakashima, H. Nakano, J. Reed, A.Z. Stieg, J.K. Gimzewski and A. Nakano. “Rigid Two-Dimensional Microenvironments Promote Cardiac Differentiation of Mouse and Human Embryonic Stem Cells” Science and Technology of Advanced Materials 2013, 14 025003.

B. Bob, T.-B. Song, C. -C. Chen, Z. Xu and Y. Yang. “Nanoscale Dispersions of Gelled SnO2: Material Properties and Device Applications” Chemistry of Materials 2013, 25, 4725-4730, DOI:10.1021/cm402462m.

P.K. Chan, M. Chattopadhyay, S. Sharma, P. Souda, E. Butler Gralla, D.R. Borchelt, J.P. Whitelegge, and Joan Selverstone Valentine. “Structural similarity of wild-type and ALS-mutant superoxide dismutase-1 fibrils using limited proteolysis and atomic force microscopy” Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. , 2013, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1309613110

L. Chen, H. Therien-Aubin, M.C.Y. Wong, E. M. V. Hoek and C. K. Ober. “Improved antifouling properties of polymer membranes using a ‘layer-by-layer’ mediated method” J. Materials Chemistry B, 2013, 1, 5651-5658.

J. H. Choi, F. Zhang, Y. -C. Perng and J. P. Chang. “Tailoring the composition of lead zirconate titanate by atomic layer deposition” J. Vacuum Science and Technology B, 2013, 31 012207, DOI:10.1116/1.4775789.

A.P.Z Clark, C. Shi, B.C. Ng, J.N. Wilking, A.L. Ayzner, A.Z. Stieg, B.J. Schwartz, T.G. Mason, Y. Rubin and S.H. Tolbert. “Self-Assembling Semiconducting Polymers – Rods and Gels from Electronic Materials” ACS Nano 2013, DOI: 10.1021/nn304437k.

S. Claridge, J. C. Thomas, M.A. Silverman, J. J. Schwartz, Y. Yang, C. Wang and Paul S. Weiss. “Differentiating Amino Acid Residues and Side Chain Orientations in Peptides Using Scanning Tunneling Microscopy” J. American Chemical Society, 2013, 135 18528-18535, DOI:10.1021/ja408550a.

U. -J. Choe, A. R. Rodriguez, B. S. Lee, S. M. Knowles, A. M. Wu, T. J. Demming and D. T. Kamei. “Endocytosis and Intracellular Trafficking Properties of Transferrin-Conjugated Block Copolypeptide Vesicles” Biomacromolecules, 2013, 14 1458-1464, DOI:10.1021/bm400124z.

A. Ghoneum, S. Sharma and J.K. Gimzewski. Nano-hole induction by nanodiamond and nanoplatinum liquid, DPV576, reverses multidrug resistance in human myeloid leukemia (HL60/AR)” International Journal of Nanomedicine , 2013, 8 2567–2573.

C. Gong, J. Liang, W. Hu, X. Niu, S. Ma, H.T. Hahn and Q. Pei. “A Healable, Semitransparent Silver Nanowire-Polymer Composite Conductor” Advance Materials, 2013, 25, 4186–4191.

L. Guo, T. Wu, W. Hu, X. He, S. Sharma, P. Webster, J.K. Gimzewski, X. Zhou, R. Lux, W. Shi. “Phenotypic characterization of the foldase homologue PrsA in Streptococcus mutans” Molecular Oral Microbiology 28, 154-165 (2013). doi: 10.1111/omi.12014

U. Halim, C.R. Zheng, Y. Chen, Z. Lin, S. Jiang, R. Cheng, Y. Huang and X. Duan. “A rational design of cosolvent exfoliation of layered materials by directly probing liquid–solid interaction” Nature Communications (2013), 4, 2213, DOI: 10.1038/ncomms3213.

W. Hu, R. Wang, Y. Lu and Q. Pei “An elastomeric transparent composite electrode based on copper nanowires and polyurethane” J. Materials Chemistry C, 2013, DOI: 10.1039/c3tc31647e.

W. Hu, X. Nu, R. Zhao and Q. Pei “Elastomeric transparent capacitive sensors based on an interpenetrating composite of silver nanowires and polyurethane” Applied Physics Letters, 2013, 102 083303.

V. Jankovic, Y.  Yang, J. You, L. Dou, Y. Liu, P. Cheung, J.P. Chang and Y. Yang. “Active Layer-Incorporated, Spectrally Tuned Au/SiO2 Core/Shell Nanorod-Based Light Trapping for Organic Photovoltaics” (2013), 7(5) 3815–3822, DOI: 10.1021/nn400246q.

S. Jiang, R. Cheng, X. Wang, T. Xue, Y. Liu, A. Nel, Y. Huang and X. Duan “Real-time electrical detection of nitric oxide in biological systems with sub-nanomolar sensitivity” Nature Communications, 2013, 4, 2225.

X. Kou, M. Lang,Y. Fan, Y. Jiang, T. Nie, J. Zhang, W. Jiang, Y. Wang, Y. Yao, L. He and K. L. Wang. “Interplay between Different Magnetisms in Cr-Doped Topological Insulators” ACS Nano, 2013, 7(10), 9205-9212, DOI:10.1021/nn4038145.

A. Kumar, J. Reed and G. Sant. “Vertical Scanning Interferometry: A New Method to Measure the Dissolution Dynamics of Cementitious Minerals” J. Amer. Ceramics Soc. (2013), 969, 2766-2778, DOI:10.1111/jace.12482.

R. B. Laghumavarapua, B. L. Liang, Z. S. Bittner, T. S. Navruz, S. M. Hubbard, A. Norman and D. L. Huffaker. “GaSb InGaAs quantum dot–well hybrid structure active regions in solar cells” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 2013, 114,165-171.

J. Liang, L. Li, X. Niu, Z. Yu and Q. Pei. “Fully Solution-Based Fabrication of Flexible Light-Emitting Device at Ambient Conditions” J. Physical Chemistry C, 2013, 117, 16632-16639, DOI: 10.1021/jp405569q.

A. Lin, B. L. Liang, V. G. Dorogan, Y. I. Mazur, G. G. Tarasov, G. J. Salamo and D.L. Huffaker. “Strong passivation effects on the properties of an InAs surface quantum dot hybrid structure” Nanotechnology, 2013, 24, 075701.

Y. Liu, Y. M. Yang, C. -C. Chen, Q. Chen, L. Dou, Z. Hong, H. Li and Y. Yang. “Solution-Processed Small Molecules Using Different Electron Linkers for High-Performance Solar Cells” Advanced Materials, 2013, 25, 4657-4662, DOI: 10.1002/adma.201301716.

Y. Liu, C. -C. Chen, Z. Hong, J. Gao, Y. M. Yang, H. Zhou, L. Dou, G. Li and Y. Yang. “Solution-processed small-molecule solar cells: breaking the 10% power conversion efficiency” Scientific Reports, 2013, 3, 3356, DOI: 10.1038/srep03356.

C. Martin-Olmos, H.I. Rasool, B.I. Weiller and J.K Gimzewski “Graphene MEMS: AFM Probe Performance Improvement” ACS Nano, 2013, DOI: 10.1021/nn400557b.

B. T. McVerry, J. A. T. Temple, X. Haung, K. L. Marsh, E. M. V. Hoek and R. B. Kaner. “Fabrication of Low-Fouling Ultrafiltration Membranes Using a Hydrophilic, Self-Doping Polyaniline Additive” Chemistry of Materials, 2013, 25, 3597-3602, DOI: 10.1021/cm401288r.

G. Pawin, A.Z. Stieg, C. Skibo, M. Grisolia, R. Schlittler, V. Langlais, Y. Tateyama, C. Joachim and J.K. Gimzewski. “Amplification of Conformational Effects via Tert-butyl Groups: Hexa-tert-butyl-decacyclene on Cu(100) at Room Temperature” Langmuir, 2013, DOI: 10.1021/la304634n.

M.T.M. Pendergast, R.M. Dorin, W.A. Phillip, U. Wiesner and E.M.V. Hoek. “Understanding the structure and performance of self-assembled triblock terpolymer membranes” J. Membrane Sci., 2013, 444 461-468.

H.I. Rasool, C. Ophus, W.S. Klug, A. Zettl and J.K. Gimzewski. “Measurement of the intrinsic strength of crystalline and polycrystalline graphene” Nature Communications, 2013, DOI: 10.1038/ncomms3811.

A. Kumar, J. Reed and G. Sant. “Vertical Scanning Interferometry: A New Method to Measure the Dissolution Dynamics of Cementitious Minerals” Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 2013, 96(9), 2766–2778, DOI: 10.1111/jace.12482.

M. M. Russell, L. Raboin, T. M. Guardado-Alvarez and J. I. Zink. “Trapping and release of cargo molecules from a micro-stamped mesoporous thin film controlled by poly(NIPAAm-co-AAm)” J. Sol-Gel Science and Technology, 2013, DOI 10.1007/s10971-013-3199-y.

S. Sharma, H. Zhu, E.E. Grintsevich, E. Reisler and J.K. Gimzewski “Correlative nanoscale imaging of actin filaments and its complexes” Nanoscale 5, 5692-5702 (2013).

M. Sun, P. J. Simmonds, R. B. Laghumavarapu, A. Lin, C. J. Reyner, H.-S. Duan, B. Liang and D. L. Huffaker. “Effects of GaAs(Sb) cladding layers on InAs/AlAsSb quantum dots” Applied Physics Letters, 2013, 102, 023107.

V. Sun, U. J. Choe, A. R. Rodriguez, H. Dai, T. J. Demming and D. T. Kamei. “Transfection of Mammalian Cells Using Block Copolypeptide Vesicles” Macromolecular Bioscience, 2013, 13, 539-550, DOI: 10.1002/mabi.201200383.

W. J. Yu, Z. Li, H. Zhou, Y. Chen, Y. Wang, Y. Huang and X. Duan. “Vertically stacked multi-heterostructures of layered materials for logic transistors and complementary inverters” Nature Materials, 2013, 12, 246-252.

Y. Xu, Z. Lin, X. Huang, Y. Wang, Y. Huang and X. Duan. “Functionalized Graphene Hydrogel-Based High-Performance Supercapacitors” Advanced Materials, 2013, 25(40), 5779-5784, DOI: 10.1002/adma.201301928.

C. Xue, D. Y. Wong and A. M. Kasko. “Complex Dynamic Substrate Control: Dual-Tone Hydrogel Photoresists Allow Double-Dissociation of Topography and Modulus” Advanced Materials, 2013, DOI: 10.1002/adma.201304591.

T.A. Zangle, J. Chun, J. Zhang, J. Reed and M.A. Teitel. “Quantification of Biomass and Cell Motion in Human Pluripotent Stem Cell Colonies” Biophysical Journal, 2013, 105, 593-601.


J. Chun, T.A. Zangle, T. Kolarova, R.S. Finn, M.A. Teitell and J. Reed. “Rapidly quantifying drug sensitivity of dispersed and clumped breast cancer cells by mass profiling” Analyst, 2012, 137 5495.

J.M. D’Arcy, H.D. Tran, A.Z. Stieg, J.K. Gimzewski and R.B. Kaner. “Aligned carbon nanotube, graphene and graphite oxide thin films via substrate-directed rapid interfacial deposition” Nanoscale, 2012, 4, 3075-3082.

L. Dou, J. Gao, E. Richard, J. You, C. C. Chen, K. C. Cha, Y. He, G. Li, and Y. Yang “Systematic Investigation of Benzodithiophene- and Diketopyrrolopyrrole-Based Low-Bandgap Polymers Designed for Single Junction and Tandem Polymer Solar Cells” J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2012, 134, 10071−10079.

J. Harrison, A. Joshi, J. Lake and R. Candler. “Surface-micromachined magnetic undulator with period length between 10 m and 1 mm for advanced light sources” Physical Review Special Topics – Accelerators and Beams, 2012, 15, 070703, DOI:10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.15.070703.

J.L. Hockel, A. Bur, T. Wu, K.P. Wetzlar and G.P. Carman “Electric field induced magnetization rotation in patterned Ni ring/Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3](1−0.32)-[PbTiO3]0.32 heterostructures” Applied Physics Letters, 2012, 100, 022401.

C.J. Hsu, J.L. Hockel and G.P. Carman “Magnetoelectric manipulation of domain wall configuration in thin film Ni/[Pb(Mn1/3Nb2/3)O3]0.68-[PbTiO3]0.32 (001) heterostructure” Applied Physics Letters, 2012, 100, 092902.

C.J.Hsu, S.V. Prikhodko, C.Y. Wang, L.J. Chen and G.P. Carman “Magnetic anisotropy in nanostructured gadolinium” Journal of Applied Physics, 2012, 11, 053916.

W. Hu, X. Niu, L. Li, S. Yun, Z. Yu and Q. Pei “Intrinsically stretchable transparent electrodes based on silver-nanowire–crosslinked-polyacrylate composites” Nanotechnology, 2012, 23(34), 344002, DOI:10.1088/0957-4484/23/34/344002.

W. Hu, L. Li, S. Sharma, J. Wang, I. McHardy, R. Lux, Z. Yang, X. He, J.K. Gimzewski, Y. Li, W. Shi. “DNA Builds and Strengthens the Extracellular Matrix in Myxococcus xanthus Biofilms by Interacting with Exopolysaccharides” PLoS One, 2012,7, 12, e51905.

R. Kokubo and Y.Yang “Vertical phase separation of conjugated polymer and fullerene bulk heterojunction films induced by high pressure carbon dioxide treatment at ambient temperature” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys, 2012, 14, 8313-8318.

C. M. Kolodziej and H. D. Maynard “Shape-Shifting Micro- and Nanopatterns Controlled by Temperature” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2012, 134, 12386−12389.

C. M. Kolodziej and H. D. Maynard “Electron-Beam Lithography for Patterning Biomolecules at the Micron and Nanometer Scale” Chem. Mater. 2012, 24, 774-780.

W.-S. Liao, S. Cheunkar, H.H. Cao, H.R. Bednar, P.S. Weiss, A.M. Andrews “Subtractive Patterning via Chemical Lift-Off Lithography” Science, 2012, 337 6101, 1517-1521.

L. Liu, H. Zhou, Y. Chen, Y.-C. Lin, Y. Qu, J. Bai, I.A. Ivanov, G. Liu, Y. Huang and X. Duan. “A systematic study of atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition growth of large-area monolayer graphene” J. Mater. Chem., 2012, 22, 1498-1503.

L. Liu, H. Zhou, R. Cheng, W.J. Yu, Y. Li, Y. Chen, J. Shaw, J. X. Zhong, Y. Huang and X. Duan. “High-Yield Chemical Vapor Deposition Growth of High-Quality Large-Area AB-Stacked Bilayer Graphene” ACS Nano, 2012, 6(9), 8241-8249.

C. Martin-Olmos, A. Z. Stieg and J. K. Gimzewski “Electrostatic force microscopy as a broadly applicable method for characterizing pyroelectric materials” Nanotechnology, 2012,23, 235701.

Yu. I. Mazur, V. G. Dorogan, G. J. Salamo, G. G. Tarasov, B. L. Liang, C. J. Reyner, K. Nunna, and D. L. Huffaker “Coexistence of type-I and type-II band alignments in antimony-incorporated InAsSb quantum dot nanostructures” Applied Physics Letters, 2012,100, 033102.

S. Murase and Y. Yang “Solution Processed MoO3 Interfacial Layer for Organic Photovoltaics Prepared by a Facile Synthesis Method” Advanced Materials, 2012,24, 2459-2462.

J. Reed, C. Hsueh, M.L. Lam, R. Kjolby, A. Sundstrom, B. Mishra and J. K. Gimzewski “Identifying individual DNA species in a complex mixture by precisely measuring the spacing between nicking restriction enzymes with atomic force microscope” Interface, 2012, DOI: 10.1098/​

S. Sharma, E.E. Grintsevich, C. Hsueh, E. Reisler and J.K. Gimzewski “Molecular Cooperativity of Drebrin1-300 Binding and Structural Remodeling of F-Actin” Biophysical Journal, 2012 103 (2), 275-283.

S. Sharma and J.K. Gimzewski. “The Quest for Characterizing Exosomes: Circulating Nano-Sized Vesicles” J. Nanomedicine and Nanotechnology, 2012, 3, 7, 1000e115.

J. Schmit and J. Reed “Slow deformation measurement of biological samples with 3D interferometric microscope” Photonics Letters of Poland, 2012 4 (2), 84-86.

P. J. Simmonds, R. B. Laghumavarapu, M. Sun, A. Lin, C. J. Reyner, B. Liang, and D. L. Huffaker “Structural and optical properties of InAs/AlAsSb quantum dots with GaAs(Sb) cladding layers” Applied Physics Letters, 2012 100 , 243108.

A.Z. Stieg, A.A. Avizienis, H.O. Sillin, C. Martin-Olmos, M. Aono and J.K. Gimzewski “Emergent Criticality in Complex Turing B-Type Atomic Switch Networks” Advanced Materials, 2012, 242, 286-293.

A. Sundstrom, S. Cirrone, S.Paxia, C. Hsueh, R. Kjolby, J.K. Gimzewski, J. Reed and B. Mishra. “Image Analysis and Length Estimation of Biomolecules Using AFM” IEEE Transactions on Information Technology in Biomedicine, , 2012, 99.

R. Tanoue, R. Higuchi, K. Ikebe, S. Uemura, N. Kimizuka, A.Z. Stieg, J.K. Gimzewski and M. Kunitake. “In situ STM Investigation of Aromatic Poly(azomethine) Arrays Constructed by “On-site” Equilibrium Polymerization” Langmuir, 2012, 28 (39), 13844-13851.

Y. Wang, J. Liu, H.D. Tran, M. Mecklenburg, A.Z. Stieg, X.N. Guan, B.C. Regan, D.C. Martin, and R.B. Kaner “Morphological and dimensional control via hierarchical assembly of doped oligoaniline single crystals” Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2012, 134 (22), 9251–9262.

T. Xue, S. Jiang, Y. Qu, Q. Su, R. Cheng, S. Dubin, C. Y. Chiu, R. B. Kaner, Y. Huang and X. Duan* “Graphene-Supported Hemin as a Highly Active Biomimetic Oxidation Catalyst” Angew. Chem., 2012, 124, 3888–3891.

J. You , C. C. Chen , L. Dou , S. Murase , H. S. Duan, S. Hawks , T. Xu , H. J. Son , L. Yu , G. Li , and Y. Yang “Metal Oxide Nanoparticles as an Electron-Transport Layer in High-Performance and Stable Inverted Polymer Solar Cells” Advanced Materials, 2012, DOI: 10.1002/adma.201201958.


A. Bur, T. Wu, J. Hockel, C. -J. Hsu, H. K. D. Kim, T. -K. Chung, K. Wong, K. L. Wang and G. P. Carman. “Strain-induced magnetization change in patterned ferromagnetic nickel nanostructures” J. Applied Physics 2011, 109, 123903, DOI: 10.1063/1.3592344.

R.M. Broyer, E. Schopf, C.M. Kolodziej, Y. Chen and H.D. Maynard. “Dual Click reactions to micropattern proteins” Soft Matter 2011, 7, 9972-9977.

S.E. Cross, Y.S. Jin, Q.Y Liu, J.Y. Rao and J.K. Gimzewski. “Green tea extract selectively targets nanomechanics of live metastatic cancer cells” Nanotechnology, 2011, 22, 215101.

J.N. Hohman, M. Kim, H.R. Bednar, J.A. Lawrence, P.D. McClanahan and P.S. Weiss. “Simple, robust molecular self-assembly on germanium” Chemical Science, 2011, 2,1334-1343.

A. Ivask, E. Suarez, T. Patel, D. Boren, Z. Ji, P. Holden, D. Telesca, R. Damoiseaux, K.A. Bradley, H. Godwin. “Genome-wide Bacterial Toxicity Screening Uncovers the Mechanisms of Toxicity of Cationic Polystyrene Nanomaterials” Environmental Science and Technology, 2011, DOI: 10.1021/es203087m.

L. Liu, H. Zhou, R. Cheng, Y. Chen, Y.C. Lin, Y. Qu, J. Bai, I.A. Ivanov, G. Liu, Y. Huang & X. Duan. “A systematic study of atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition growth of large-area monolayer graphene” Journal of Materials Chemistry, 2011, DOI: 10.1039/c1jm14272.

C.M. Kolodziej, C.W. Chang and H.D. Maynard. “Glutathione S-transferase as a general and reversible tag for surface immobilization of proteins” Journal of Materials Chemistry, 2011, 21, 1457-1461.

C.M. Kolodziej, S.H. Kim, R.M. Broyer, S.S. Saxer, C.G. Decker, H.D. Maynard. “Combination of Integrin-Binding Peptide and Growth Factor Promotes Cell Adhesion on Electron-Beam-Fabricated Patterns” Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2011, DOI: 10.1021/ja205524x.

T. Hasegawa, A. Nayak, T. Ohno, K. Terabe, T. Tsuruoka, J.K. Gimzewski, M. Aono. “Memristive operations demonstrated by gap-type atomic switches” Applied Physics A, 2011, 102, 811.

T. Ohno, T. Hasegawa, T. Tsuruoka, K. Terabe, J.K. Gimzewski and M. Aono. “Short-term plasticity and long-term potentiation mimicked in single inorganic synapses” Nature Materials, 2011, 10, 591-595.

T. Ohno, T. Hasegawa, A. Nayak, T. Tsuruoka, J.K. Gimzewski and M. Aono. “Sensory and short-term memory formations observed in a Ag2S gap-type atomic switch” Applied Physics Letters, 2011, 99, 203108.

Y. Okawa, S.K. Mandal, C. Hu, Y. Tateyama, S. Goedecker, S. Tsukamoto, T. Hasegawa, J.K. Gimzewski and M. Aono. “Chemical Wiring and Soldering toward All-Molecule Electronic Circuitry” Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2011, 133(21), 8227-8233.

H.I. Rasool, E.B. Song, M.J. Allen, R.B. Kaner, K.L. Wang, B.H. Weiller and J.K. Gimzewski. “Continuity of graphene on polycrystalline copper” Nano Letters, 2011, 11, 251-257.

H.I. Rasool, E.B. Song, M. Mecklenburg, B.C. Regan, K.L. Wang, B.H. Weiller, J.K. Gimzewski. “Atomic-Scale Characterization of Graphene Grown on Copper (100) Single Crystals” Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2011, 133, 12536.

J. Reed, J. Chun, T. A. Zangle, S. Kalim, J. S. Hong, S. E. Pefley, X. Zheng, J.K. Gimzewski and M.A. Teitell “Rapid, Massively Parallel Single-cell Drug Response Measurements via Live Cell Interferometry” Biophys J., 2011, 101 1025-1031.

A. P. Sage, J. Lu, Y. Tintut and L. A. Demer. “Hyperphosphatemia-induced nanocrystals upregulate the expression of bone morphogenetic protein-2 and osteopontin genes in mouse smooth muscle cells in vitro” Kidney International, 2011, 79, 414-422, DOI:10.1038/ki.2010.390

S. Sharma, B.M. Gillespie, V. Palanisamy and J.K. Gimzewski “Quantitative Nanostructural and Single-Molecule Force Spectroscopy Biomolecular Analysis of Human-Saliva-Derived Exosomes” Langmuir, 2011, DOI10.1021/la2038763.

S. Sharma, C. Santiskulvong, L. Bentolila, J.Y. Rao, O. Dorigo and J.K. Gimzewski “Correlative nanomechanical profiling with super-resolution F-actin imaging reveals novel insights into mechanisms of cisplatin resistance in ovarian cancer cells” Nanomedicine, 2011, DOI10.1016/j.nano.2011.09.015.

S. Sharma, V. Palanisamy, C. Mathisen, M. Schmidt & J.K. Gimzewski. “Exosomes-biological liposomes as potential drug delivery agents”Global Journal of Physical Chemistry, 2011, 2(2), 125-128.

V.Z. Sun, Z. Li, T.J. Deming and D.T. Kamei. “Intracellular Fates of Cell-Penetrating Block Copolypeptide Vesicles” Macromolecules, 2011, 12, 10-13.

R. Tanoue, N. Enoki, Y. Miyasato, R. Higuchi, S. Uemura, A.Z. Stieg, J.K. Gimzewski and M. Kunitake. “Thermodynamically Controlled Self-Assembly of Covalent Nanoarchitectures in Aqueous Solution” ACS Nano, 2011, 5(5), 3923-3929.

A. Vaish, M.J. Schuster, S. Cheunkar, P.S. Weiss and A.M. Andrews “Tuning Stamp Surface Energy for Soft Lithography of Polar Molecules to Fabricate Bioactive Small-Molecule Microarrays” Small, 2011, 7(11), 1471-1479.

A. Vaish, M.J. Schuster, W.S. Liao, J.M. Hinds, P.S. Weiss and A.M. Andrews “Thin Gold Film-Assisted Fluorescence Spectroscopy for Biomolecule Sensing” Analytical Chemistry, 2011, 837451-7456.

J.K. Wassei, K.C. Cah, V.C. Tung, Y. Yang and R.B. Kaner. “The effects of thionyl chloride on the properties of graphene and graphene–carbon nanotube composites” Journal of Materials Chemistry 2011,21, 3391-2296.

T. Wu, A. Bur, J. L. Hockel, K. Wong, T. -K. Chung and G. P. Carman. “Electrical and Mechanical Manipulation of Ferromagnetic Properties in Polycrystalline Nickel Thin Film” IEEE Magnetics Letters, 2011, 2, 6000104, DOI: 10.1109/LMAG.2010.2100810.

T. Wu, M. Bao, A. Bur, H. K. D. Kim, K. P. Mohanchandra, C. S. Lynch and G. P. Carman. “Electrical tuning of metastable dielectric constant of ferroelectric single crystals for low-power electronics” Applied Physics Letters, 2011, 99, 1892903, DOI:10.1063/1.3657516.

F. Xiu, Y. Wang, J. Zou and K.L. Wang. “Electric-field controlled ferromagnetism in MnGe magnetic quantum dots” Nano Reviews, 2011, 2, 5896.

G. Xu,_x0002_ C. M. Torres, Jr., J. Bai, J. Tang, T. Yu, Y. Huang, X. Duan, Y. Zhang, and K. L. Wang “Linewidth roughness in nanowire-mask-based graphene nanoribbons” Applied Physics Letters, 2011, 98, 243118.

G. Xu, C.M. Torres, Jr., J. Tang, J. Bai, E.B. Song, Y. Huang, X. Duan, Y. Zhang, and K.L. Wang. “Edge Effect on Resistance Scaling Rules in Graphene Nanostructures” Nano Letters, 2011, 11, 1082-1086.

M. Xue, H. Shen, L. Li, B. Tremolet de Villers, J. Zhu, Z. Yu, A.Z. Stieg, B.J. Schwartz, Q. Pei and K.L. Wang “Charge-carrier Dynamics in Hybrid Plasmonic Organic Solar Cells with Ag Nanoparticles” Applied Physics Letters 2011, 98, 253302.

L. Yoo, J. Reed, A. Shin, J. Kung, J.K. Gimzewski, V. Poukens, R.A. Goldberg, R. Mancini, M. Taban, R. Moy and J.L. Demer “Characterization of Ocular Tissues Using Microindentation and Hertzian Viscoelastic Models” Investigative Opthamology and Visual Science 2011, 52(6), 3475-3482.

L. Yoo, J. Reed, J.K. Gimzewski and J.L. Demer “Mechanical Interferometry Imaging for Creep Modeling of the Cornea” Investigative Opthamology and Visual Science 2011, 52(11), 8420-8424.

Z. Yu, Q. Zhang, L. Li, Q. Chen, X. Niu, J. Liu and Q. Pei “Highly Flexible Silver Nanowire Electrodes for Shape-Memory Polymer Light-Emitting Diodes” Advanced Materials 2011, 23, 664-668.

Z. Yu, X. Niu, Z. Liu and Q. Pei “Intrinsically Stretchable Polymer Light-Emitting Devices Using Carbon Nanotube-Polymer Composite Electrodes” Advanced Materials 2011, 23(34), 3989-3994, DOI: 10.1002/adma.201101986.

Z. Yu, L.Li, Q. Zhang, W. Hu and Q. Pei “Silver Nanowire-Polymer Composite Electrodes for Efficient Polymer Solar Cells” Advanced Materials 2011, 23(38), 4453-4457, DOI: 10.1002/adma.201101992.

H. Zhang, D. Xu, Y. Huang, X. Duan. “Highly spectral dependent enhancement of up conversion emission with sputtered gold island film” Chemical Communications, 2011, 47, 979-981.


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Chen, L. – M., Hong, Z., Kwan, W. L., Lu, C. -H., Lai, Y. -F., Lei, B., Liu, C. -P. and Yang, Y. “Multi-Source/Component Spray Coating for Polymer Solar Cells” ACS Nano 2010, 4(8), 4744-4752, DOI: 10.1021/nn901758p.

He, J.; Reyner, C. J.; Liang, B. L.; Nunna, K.; Huffaker, D. L.; Pavarelli, N.; Gradkowski, K.; Ochalski, T. J.; Huyet, G.; Dorogan, V. G.; Mazur, Y. I.; Salamo, G. J., Band Alignment Tailoring of InAs1-xSbx/GaAs Quantum Dots: Control of Type I to Type II Transition. Nano Letters 2010, 10, (8), 3052-3056.

Hsueh, C.; Chen, H. J.; Gimzewski, J. K.; Reed, J.; Abdel-Fattah, T. M., Localized Nanoscopic Surface Measurements of Nickel-Modified Mica for Single-Molecule DNA Sequence Sampling. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2010, 2, (11), 3249-3256.

Kabehie, S., Stieg, A.Z., Xue, M., Liong, M., Wang, K.L., & Zink, J.L. , Surface Immobilized Heteroleptic Copper Compounds as State Variables that Show Negative Differential Resistance. The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 2010, 1, (3), 589-593.

Kabehie, S.; Xue, M.; Stieg, A. Z.; Liong, M.; Wang, K. L.; Zink, J. I., Heteroleptic Copper Switches. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2010, 132, (45), 15987-15996.

Liao, L., Bai, J., Qu, Y., Lin, Y.-C., Li, Y., Huang, Y., & Duan, X. , High-κ oxide nanoribbons as gate dielectrics for high mobility top-gated graphene transistors PNAS 2010, 107, (15), 6711-6715.

Liao, L., Bai, J., Qu, Y., Huang, Y. and Duan, X. “Single-layer graphene on Al2O3/Si substrate: better contrast and higher performance of graphene transistors” Nanotechnology 2010, 21, 015705.

Liao, L., Bai, J., Qu, Y., Huang, Y. and Duan, X. “High-Performance Top-Gated Graphene-Nanoribbon Transistors Using Zirconium Oxide Nanowires as High-Dielectric-Constant Gate Dielectrics” Advanced Materials 2010, 22(17), 1941-1945.

Ono, K. Condron, M.M. and Teplow, D.B. “Effects of the English (H6R) and Tottori (D7N) Familial Alzheimer Disease Mutations on Amyloid B-Protein Assembly and Toxicity” The Journal of Biological Chemistry 2010, 285(30), 23186-23197.

Palanisamy, V., Sharma, S., Deshpande, A., Zhou, H., Gimzewski, J.K., & Wong, D.T. , Nanostructural and Transcriptomic Analyses of Human Saliva Derived Exosomes. PLoS ONE 2010, 5, (1), 1-11.

Rasool, H. I., Wilkinson, P.R., Stieg, A.Z., & Gimzewski, J.K., A low noise all-fiber interferometer for high resolution frequency modulated atomic force microscopy imaging in liquids. Review of Scientific Instruments 2010, 81, (2), 023703-1- 023703-10.

Sharma, S.; Cross, S. E.; Hsueh, C.; Wali, R. P.; Stieg, A. Z.; Gimzewski, J. K., Nanocharacterization in Dentistry. International Journal of Molecular Sciences 2010, 11, (6), 2523-2545.

Sharma, S.; Grintsevich, E. E.; Phillips, M. L.; Reisler, E.; Gimzewski, J. K., Atomic Force Microscopy Reveals Drebrin Induced Remodeling of F-Actin with Subnanometer Resolution. Nano Lett.

Sharma, S.; Rasool, H. I.; Palanisamy, V.; Mathisen, C.; Schmidt, M.; Wong, D. T.; Gimzewski, J. K., Structural-Mechanical Characterization of Nanoparticle Exosomes in Human Saliva, Using Correlative AFM, FESEM, and Force Spectroscopy. Acs Nano 2010, 4, (4), 1921-1926.

Stieg, A. Z., Gimzewski, J.K., Local Probes: Pushing the Limits of Detection and Interaction. In Handbook of Nanophysics: Principles and Methods, Sattler, K., Ed. CRC Press: New York, 2010.

Wassei, J., Tung, V., Jonas, S., Cha, K., Dunn, B., Yang, Y. and Kaner R.B., Stenciling graphene, carbon nanotubes and fullerenes using elastomeric lift-off membranes. Advanced Materials 2010, 22, 897-901.
Wassei, J.K and Kaner R.B., Graphene, a promising transparent conductor. Materials Today 2010, 13, (3), 52–59.

Wong, D. Y., Griffin, D.R., Reed, J., & Kasko, A.M., Photodegradable Hydrogels to Generate Positive and Negative Features over Mutiple Length Scales. Macromolecules 2010, 10, (6).

Xiu, F., Wang, Y., Kim, J., Hong, A., Tang, J., Jacob, A.P. Zou, J., & Wang, K.L., Electric-field-controlled ferromagnetism in high-Curie-temperature Mn0.05Ge0.95 quantum dots. Nature Materials 2010, 9, (4), 337-344.

G. Xu, C.M. Torres, Jr., J. Tang, J. Bai, E.B. Song, Y. Huang, X. Duan, Y. Zhang, and K.L. Wang. “Enhanced Conductance Fluctuation by Quantum Confinement Effect in Graphene Nanoribbons” Nano Letters, 2010, 10, 4590-4594.

G. Xu, J. Bai, C.M. Torres, Jr., E.B. Song, J. Tang, Y. Zhou, X. Duan, Y. Zhang, and K.L. Wang. “Low-noise submicron channel graphene nanoribbons” Applied Physics Letters, 2010, 10, 073107.

Xue, M.; Kabehie, S.; Stieg, A. Z.; Tkatchouk, E.; Benitez, D.; Goddard, W. A.; Zink, J. I.; Wang, K. L., A Molecular-Rotor Device for Nonvolatile High-Density Memory Applications. Ieee Electron Device Letters 2010, 31, (9), 1047-1049.

Yokoi, N.; Inaba, H.; Terauchi, M.; Stieg, A. Z.; Sanghamitra, N. J. M.; Koshiyama, T.; Yutani, K.; Kanamaru, S.; Arisaka, F.; Hikage, T.; Suzuki, A.; Yamane, T.; Gimzewski, J. K.; Watanabe, Y.; Kitagawa, S.; Ueno, T., Construction of Robust Bio-nanotubes using the Controlled Self-Assembly of Component Proteins of Bacteriophage T4. Small 2010, 6, (17), 1873-1879.


Allen, M. J.; Tung, V. C.; Gomez, L.; Xu, Z.; Chen, L. M.; Nelson, K. S.; Zhou, C. W.; Kaner, R. B.; Yang, Y., Soft Transfer Printing of Chemically Converted Graphene. Advanced Materials 2009, 21, (20), 2098-2102.

Allen, M. J., Wang, M., Jannuzzi, S., Yang, Y., Wang, K. L. and Kaner, R.B. “Chemically induced folding of single and bilayer graphene” Chemical Communications2009, 21 (20), 2098-2102.

Ayzner, A. L., Tassone, C.J., Tolbert, S.H., & Schwartz, B.J. , Reappraising the Need for Bulk Heterojunctions in Polymer-Fullerene Photovoltaics: The Role of Carrier Transport in All-Solution-Processed P3HT/PCBM Bilayer Solar Cells. J. Phys. Chem. C 2009, 113, (46), 20050-20060.

Bai, J., Duan, X., & Huang, Y., Rational fabrication of graphene nanoribbons using a nanowire etch mask Nano Letters 2009, 9, (5), 2083-2087.

Cross, S. E., Kreth, J., Wali, R.P., Sullivan, R., Shi, W., & Gimzewski, J.K., Evaluation of bacteria-induced enamel demineralization using optical profilometry Dental Materials 2009, 25, (12), 1517-1526.

Liang, B., Lin, A., Pavarelli, N., Reyner, C., Tatebayashi, J., Nunna, K., He, J., Ochalski, T.J., Huyet, G., & Huffaker, D.L. , GaSb/GaAs type-II quantum dots grown by droplet epitaxy. Nanotechnology 2009, 20, (45), 455604-455607.

Reed, J., Walczak, W.J., Petzold, O.N., & Gimzewski, J.K., In situ mechanical interferometry of matrigel films. Langmuir 2009, 25, (1), 36-39.

Reed, J.; Ramakrishnan, S.; Schmit, J.; Gimzewski, J. K., Mechanical Interferometry of Nanoscale Motion and Local Mechanical Properties of Living Zebrafish Embryos. ACS Nano 2009, 3, (8), 2090-2094.

Tremolet de Villers, B., Tassone, C.J., Tolbert, S.H., Schwartz, B.J., Improving the reproducibility of P3HT:PCBM solar cells by controlling the PCBM/Cathode interface. The Journal of physical Chemistry C Letters 2009, 113, 18978-18982.

Tung, V. C.; Chen, L. M.; Allen, M. J.; Wassei, J. K.; Nelson, K.; Kaner, R. B.; Yang, Y., Low-Temperature Solution Processing of Graphene-Carbon Nanotube Hybrid Materials for High-Performance Transparent Conductors. Nano Letters 2009, 9, (5), 1949-1955.

Wassei, J. K., Tung, V.C., Jonas, S.J., Cha, K., Dunn, B.S., Yang, Y., & Kaner, R.B., Stenciling graphene, carbon nanotubes, and fullerenes using elastomeric lift-off membranes. Advanced Materials 2009, 21, 5.

Xue, M., Kabehie, S., Stieg, A.Z., Tkatchouk, E., Benitez, D., Stephenson, R.M., Goddard, W.A., Zink, J.I., & Wang, K.L., Room temperature negative differential resistance of a monolayer molecular rotor device. Applied Physics Letters 2009, 95, (9), 093503-1-093503-3.


Ayzner, A. L., Wanger D.D., Tassone, C.J., Tolbert, S.H., & Schwartz J.S., Room to Improve Conjugated Polmer-Based Solar Cells: Understanding how Thermal Annealing Affects the Fullerene Component of a Bulk Heterojunction Photovoltaic Device. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2008, 112, (48), 18711-18716.

Cross, S. E., Jin, Y.-S., Tondre, J., Wong, R., Rao, J.Y., & Gimzewski J.K., AFM-based analysis of human metastatic cancer cells. Nanotechnology 2008, 19, (38), 384003-984010.

Reed, J., Troke, J.J., Schmit, J., Han, S., Teitell, M.A., & Gimzewski, J.K., Live Cell Interferometry Reveals Cellular Dynamism During Force Propagation. ACS Nano 2008, 2, (5), 841-846.

Reed, J., Frank, M., Troke, J.J., Schmit, J., Han, S., Teitell, M.A., & Gimzewski, J.K., High throughput cell nanomechanics with mechanical imaging interferometry. Nanotechnology 2008, 19, (23).

Reed, J., Hsueh, C., Mishra, B., & Gimzewski J.K., Atomic force microscope observation of branching in single transcript molecules derived from human cardiac muscle. Nanotechnology 2008, 19, (38), 384021-384028.

Schmit, J., Reed, J., Novak, E., & Gimzewski, J.K., Performance advances in interferometric optical profilers for imaging and testing. Journal of Optics A: Pure and Applied Optics 2008, 10, (6), 064001-064007.

Stieg, A. Z., Rasool, H.I., & Gimzewski, J.K., A flexible, highly stable electrochemical scanning probe microscope for nanoscale studies at the solid-liquid interface. Review of Scientific Instruments 2008, 79, (10), 103701-1-103701-7.

Tung, V. C., Allen, M.J., Yang, Y., & Kaner, R.B., High-throughput solution processing of large-scale graphene. Nature Nanotechnology 2008.

Zhang, W., Dichtel, W.R., Stieg, A.Z., Benitez, D., Gimzewski, J.K., Heath, J.R., & Stoddart, J.F., Folding of a donor-accepted polyrotaxane by using noncovalent bonding interactions. PNAS 2008, 105, (18), 6514-6519.


Cross, S. E., Jin, Y.-S., Rao, J.Y., & Gimzewski J.K., Nanomechanical analysis of cells from cancer patients Nature Nanotechnology 2007, 2, 780- 783.

Reed, J., Mishra, B., Pittenger, B., Magonov, S., Troke, J., Teitell, M.A., & Gimzewski, J.K., Single molecule transcription profiling with AFM. Nanotechnology 2007, 18, (44032-44048), 044032.

Stieg, A. Z., Wilkinson, P., & Gimzewski J.K., Vertical inertial sliding drive for coarse and fine approaches in scanning probe microscopy. Review of Scientific Instruments 2007, 78, (3), 036110-1-036110-3.

Wesoloski, L. M., Stieg, A.Z., Kunitake, M., Dultz, S.C., Gimzewski J.K., Observations of image contrast and dimerization of decacylcene by low temperature scanning  tunneling microscopy. The Journal of Chemical Physics 2007, 127, (174703), 174703-1 to 174703-7.